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Pagc_Normalize_Address — Given a textual street address, returns a composite norm_addy type that has road suffix, prefix and type standardized, street, streetname etc. broken into separate fields. This function will work with just the lookup data packaged with the tiger_geocoder (no need for tiger census data). Requires address_standardizer extension.

概要

norm_addy pagc_normalize_address(varchar in_address);

Description

Given a textual street address, returns a composite norm_addy type that has road suffix, prefix and type standardized, street, streetname etc. broken into separate fields. This is the first step in the geocoding process to get all addresses into normalized postal form. No other data is required aside from what is packaged with the geocoder.

This function just uses the various pagc_* lookup tables preloaded with the tiger_geocoder and located in the tiger schema, so it doesn't need you to download tiger census data or any other additional data to make use of it. You may find the need to add more abbreviations or alternative namings to the various lookup tables in the tiger schema.

It uses various control lookup tables located in tiger schema to normalize the input address.

Fields in the norm_addy type object returned by this function in this order where () indicates a field required by the geocoder, [] indicates an optional field:

This version uses the PAGC address standardizer C extension which you can download. There are slight variations in casing and formatting and also provides a richer breakout.

Availability: 2.1.0

(address) [predirAbbrev] (streetName) [streetTypeAbbrev] [postdirAbbrev] [internal] [location] [stateAbbrev] [zip]

The native standardaddr of address_standardizer extension is at this time a bit richer than norm_addy since its designed to support international addresses (including country). standardaddr equivalent fields are:

house_num,predir, name, suftype, sufdir, unit, city, state, postcode

  1. address is an integer: The street number

  2. predirAbbrev is varchar: Directional prefix of road such as N, S, E, W etc. These are controlled using the direction_lookup table.

  3. streetName varchar

  4. streetTypeAbbrev varchar abbreviated version of street type: e.g. St, Ave, Cir. These are controlled using the street_type_lookup table.

  5. postdirAbbrev varchar abbreviated directional suffice of road N, S, E, W etc. These are controlled using the direction_lookup table.

  6. internal varchar internal address such as an apartment or suite number.

  7. location varchar usually a city or governing province.

  8. stateAbbrev varchar two character US State. e.g MA, NY, MI. These are controlled by the state_lookup table.

  9. zip varchar 5-digit zipcode. e.g. 02109.

  10. parsed boolean - denotes if addess was formed from normalize process. The normalize_address function sets this to true before returning the address.

Examples

Single call example

SELECT addy.*
FROM pagc_normalize_address('9000 E ROO ST STE 999, Springfield, CO') AS addy;

        
 address | predirabbrev | streetname | streettypeabbrev | postdirabbrev | internal  |  location   | stateabbrev | zip | parsed
---------+--------------+------------+------------------+---------------+-----------+-------------+-------------+-----+--------
    9000 | E            | ROO        | ST               |               | SUITE 999 | SPRINGFIELD | CO          |     | t

Batch call. There are currently speed issues with the way postgis_tiger_geocoder wraps the address_standardizer. These will hopefully be resolved in later editions. To work around them, if you need speed for batch geocoding to call generate a normaddy in batch mode, you are encouraged to directly call the address_standardizer standardize_address function as shown below which is similar exercise to what we did in Normalize_Address that uses data created in Geocode.

WITH g AS (SELECT address, ROW((sa).house_num, (sa).predir, (sa).name
  , (sa).suftype, (sa).sufdir, (sa).unit , (sa).city, (sa).state, (sa).postcode, true)::norm_addy As na
 FROM (SELECT address, standardize_address('tiger.pagc_lex'
       , 'tiger.pagc_gaz'
       , 'tiger.pagc_rules', address) As sa
        FROM addresses_to_geocode) As g)
SELECT address As orig, (g.na).streetname, (g.na).streettypeabbrev
 FROM  g;
 
 orig                                                |  streetname   | streettypeabbrev
-----------------------------------------------------+---------------+------------------
 529 Main Street, Boston MA, 02129                   | MAIN          | ST
 77 Massachusetts Avenue, Cambridge, MA 02139        | MASSACHUSETTS | AVE
 25 Wizard of Oz, Walaford, KS 99912323              | WIZARD OF     |
 26 Capen Street, Medford, MA                        | CAPEN         | ST
 124 Mount Auburn St, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138 | MOUNT AUBURN  | ST
 950 Main Street, Worcester, MA 01610                | MAIN          | ST

See Also

Normalize_Address, Geocode